UN report says Iran committed crimes against humanity during crackdown on protests

Iran responsible for ‘physical violence’ in detention leading to Mahsa Amini’s death in 2022, An independent United Nations fact-finding mission said crimes against humanity were committed during the crackdown on subsequent protests.

The delegation said in a statement Report Crimes such as murder, imprisonment, torture and rape “are part of a widespread and systematic attack on civilians, namely women, girls and others who express support for human rights,” it said on Friday.

The crimes included gender-based persecution – a crime against humanity – intertwined with discrimination based on race and religion, the report said.

On September 13, 2022, Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old Kurdish woman, was arrested in Tehran on suspicion of wearing an “inappropriate” headscarf, which refers to Iran’s strict Islamic dress code for women.she die A few days later, the crowd protest Under the slogan “Women, Life, Freedom,” this quickly expanded into broader expressions of dissent directed at the Iranian authorities and Iran’s Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

in a statement In a statement on his website on Saturday, Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Nasser Kanani refuted what he called “baseless accusations in this report that are based on false and biased information.” The delegation said it regretted the lack of meaningful cooperation from the Iranian authorities in the investigation.

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The report, prepared for the United Nations Human Rights Council, refutes previous claims by Iranian authorities that Amini died due to childhood health problems.

“On the basis of the evidence, alleged complications arising from surgery during Ms. Amini’s childhood can be ruled out as a direct cause of her death,” the report said, adding that “the inquiry had reasonable grounds to believe that her death was caused by external causes. “”.

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The report said the inquest “identified evidence of physical trauma suffered by Ms Amini while in moral police custody” and was “satisfied that Ms Amini suffered physical violence resulting in her death”. . “Accordingly, the state is responsible for her unlawful death.”

Instead of investigating the circumstances of her death, authorities “took active steps to obfuscate the truth” and used judicial harassment and intimidation to silence her family and prevent them from pursuing legal action, the report said.The family’s attorney, as well as several reporter The report added that the person who first reported Amini’s death was arrested and later imprisoned.

The fact-finding mission used official Iranian statements and reports, in-depth interviews with victims and witnesses, medical imaging, verified photos and videos, and satellite imagery, the report said.

The Washington Post has not independently reviewed the original material used in the assignment.

Iran has not yet released comprehensive statistics on the protests, but reports put a “credible number” of deaths during the protests at 551, including up to 49 women and 68 children, while tens of thousands more are believed to have been killed Died in protest. was arrested.

“The mission acknowledged security force casualties and found violence by protesters,” the mission said, noting that the Iranian government described protesters as rioters but that “the vast majority of protests have been peaceful.”

The report said the highest death toll was in ethnic minority areas, including Sistan and Baluchistan provinces, where 104 people died on a single day during protests that took place after Friday prayers on September 30, 2022.

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The report also found that Iranian security forces committed illegal and extrajudicial killings in a “pattern of lethal force used by security forces against protesters.”

Most of the deaths involved the use of firearms, the report said. Some protesters and bystanders were completely or partially blinded by security forces, The inquiry found, adding that it was “satisfied” that the injuries “permanently marked the victims, essentially ‘marking’ them as protesters” and were intended to act as a deterrent to others.

Detainees, including children, were also “subjected to severe physical, psychological and sexual torture,” including beatings, burns, electric shocks and rape, the report said. It added that it had uncovered several cases of people dying in custody as a result of torture.

The report said judges hearing cases involving protesters “demonstrated clear bias” by relying on confessions obtained through torture. Nine protesters have been executed, the report said, “and at least six men reportedly remain under death sentence, some of whom are at risk of imminent execution at the time of writing.”

At heart of Iran crackdown, small group of judges sentences protesters to death by hanging

Shaheen Sardar Ali, member of the Fact-Finding Mission explain In a statement: “We urge the Iranian authorities to halt all executions, immediately and unconditionally release all those arbitrarily arrested and detained during the protests, and end the repression of protesters, their families and Women for Life supporters .Free movement.”

U.S. Deputy Special Envoy Abram Paley wrote Taking to social media, “the world is watching” the report, adding: “The fact-finding mission must continue its important work.”

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By Ali Raza

I am a dedicated and skilled News Content Writer with a passion for delivering accurate and engaging stories to a diverse audience. With a solid background in journalism and a keen eye for detail, I bring a commitment to excellence and a deep understanding of the evolving media landscape.

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